Good SOS Gadget That Raises Alarm And Sends Location

saniThis undertaking goals to develop a wearable security and alarming system that may be operated simply, particularly by kids and senior residents when in misery. It could come helpful because the world is continually witnessing improve within the variety of legal actions. Senior residents residing alone are weak to panic conditions on account of security causes or, typically, a medical situation. This system can ship an SOS name and concurrently increase an alarm, if wanted.

The system most frequently used for such a goal is the SOS button. It’s a discreet system that lets the person ship an SOS alert to rapidly talk for assist from a trusted particular person through the use of GSM, GPS, or GPRS. It’s used particularly for anti-aggression alarms in jewelery shops, banks, or small companies, and for private security.

Part ListOn this undertaking, we goal to construct a personalized, cost-efficient model of the SOS button, which is stealthy and makes use of the perfect at school GSM-GPS modules together with a high-decibel buzzer. Its {hardware} interfacing on breadboard is proven in Fig. 1.

Hardware interfacing on breadboard
Fig. 1: {Hardware} interfacing on breadboard

The parts used within the undertaking and their perform is described beneath.

SIM800L is a miniature mobile module that enables GPRS transmission (sending and receiving), SMS, and voice calls. It’s a low-cost system with small footprint and quad band frequency. The module is an ideal answer for any undertaking that requires long-range connectivity. Pin particulars of SIM800L are proven in Fig. 2.

Pin details of SIM800L
Fig. 2: Pin particulars of SIM800L

Buck converter (or step-down converter) is a DC to DC energy converter, which steps down voltage (whereas stepping up present) from its enter (provide) to its output (load). A DC-DC step-down converter principally converts the next enter voltage to a decrease output voltage by ‘chopping’ it up by quickly switching the output energy. The buck converter module is proven in Fig. 3.

Buck converter
Fig. 3: Buck converter

Neo-6M GPS module is a well-performing full GPS receiver with a built-in 25x25x4mm ceramic antenna, which supplies a robust satellite tv for pc search functionality. With the ability and sign indicators the standing of the module might be monitored. The GPS module is proven in Fig. 4.

Neo-6M GPS module
Fig. 4: Neo-6M GPS module

ATmega328P is the microcontroller utilized in an Arduino board. After importing the code into this microcontroller utilizing an Arduino board, it may be plugged out and used within the breadboard prototype.

Block diagram
Fig. 5: Block diagram

As proven within the block diagram (Fig. 5), there are additionally another parts like push buttons (SW1 and SW2), GPS module, GSM module, and energy provide. The circuit diagram of the undertaking is proven in Fig. 6. The microcontroller is, after all, the guts of the undertaking.

Circuit diagram
Fig. 6: Circuit diagram

Each time the push button SW1 is pressed by the caller, the microcontroller provides the details about the caller, like his/her location and emergency SMS, to the registered quantity in GSM module. In consequence, the receiver cell receives caller’s SOS message.

As proven within the circuit diagram, push button SW2 is used to reset the circuit (at any time when there’s something fallacious in this system). LED1 is used to point the presence of energy within the circuit. The circuit might be powered by a 4.2V provide from the converter LM2596 module.

A 3D view of the prototype
Fig. 7: A 3D view of the prototype

A 3D view of the prototype generated by the software program is proven in Fig. 7 and the writer’s prototype is proven in Fig. 8.

Author’s prototype on PCB
Fig. 8: Writer’s prototype on PCB

Software program

Arduino IDE 1.8.15 is used to put in writing, compile, and add the code (smart_SOS_final.ino) into the Arduino board. The code requires TinyGPS++.h header file. The header file might be downloaded from Hyperlink

Earlier than importing the code, enter a sound 10-digit cellphone quantity within the code

String quantity = “xxxxxxxxxx”;

the place ‘xxxxxxxxxx’ is the cellphone quantity to obtain the SOS message within the receiver’s cell phone.

Development and testing

EasyEDA is a free internet based mostly EDA (electronics design automation) software, which provides facility to design schematic diagrams in addition to PCB layouts. After finishing schematic diagram on EasyEDA platform, choose DesignConvert schematic to PCB. Regulate all of the parts of the circuit in greatest minimal house. Then choose RouteAuto route.

EasyEDA can generate 2D and 3D visualisations of the PCB. To get them, choose 2D View and 3D View, respectively. The 3D view is proven in Fig. 7.

Assemble the circuit on a breadboard or PCB. Insert the SIM card within the slot of GSM module. When SW1 is pressed, GSM calls the cell quantity already entered in this system code and the buzzer sounds. The buzzer sound is to alert close by individuals.

As soon as the decision is established, GPS will get latitude, longitude, and altitude coordinates and thus the precise location of the caller. The hyperlink of this location is distributed to the receiver’s cell phone together with the recorded SMS message. On opening the obtained hyperlink, the receiver will get to know the precise location of the caller on Google map.

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Kamlesh Vasoya is an electronics hobbyist

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